Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard? (State by State)


Shoot a Gun in Your Backy

Shooting is a very popular hobby in America. All around the country, people enjoy shooting, collecting guns, and hunting when it is the season. This sport has a lot of history and traditions in the United States. People even shoot to blow off some steam, and many claim that shooting calm them down.

However, there are a lot of laws regarding firearms in the United States of America. Today, we will discuss whether or not you can fire a gun in your backyard in different states. But before we move on to the main topic, there are some important points that you should know:

  1. Every county in the different states applies its own laws.
  2. Various residential areas impose no gun laws.
  3. Within most city limits, you are not allowed to discharge a gun.
  4. You are not allowed to discharge a gun around public places and people.
  5. For exact information in your location, please read the local city ordinates or contact the local law enforcement officials.

 

Below are some of the general laws that exist in different states regarding backyard shootings.

 

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Alabama?

In Alabama, you won’t require a permit for purchasing a firearm. You will, however, need a permit for concealed carry. You won’t need any permits for the open carry of firearms. Finally, no owner’s license is required.

There is no specific law stating whether or not you can fire a gun in your backyard in Alabama. However, in all of the state’s counties, it is prohibited to fire a gun within the city limits. Also, there is no mention of a backyard or one’s property in the list of prohibited places to fire a gun in Alabama. Therefore, if you have a secured area on your property, where no damage would be done to neighboring residents, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Alaska?

Alaska is very open about firearm usage. Permits are not required for purchasing a firearm or using one. You won’t need a permit to carry your firearm either, be it concealed or open.

You can shoot your gun in your backyard in Alaska as long as you are not doing any damages to neighboring residents, as no laws forbid you from doing so.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Arizona?

In Arizona, it is quite easy to get a hold of a weapon as you don’t require any permits for purchasing a firearm. You won’t need a permit for the concealed or open carry of your weapon either. According to ARS 13-3107, within city limits, you can fire a gun if there is no structure in a 1-mile radius from you, while outside city limits, you can fire a gun if there is no occupiable structure within ¼ miles.

So, if your backyard has no occupiable structure within ¼ miles, you can shoot a gun there.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Arkansas?

In Arkansas, you are allowed to purchase a weapon and don’t require a permit for it. You won’t need a permit for the concealed or open carry of your weapon either. According to Arkansas – Code of Ordinances Sec. 34-1, you can’t shoot openly within city limits without having authorization from the authorities related, and in places that already authorize gun usage, whether in private or public spaces.

However, outside of the city’s range, there are no direct laws regarding it, and you might be able to shoot a gun as long as the projectile stays within your property.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in California?

In California, partial permits are required for the purchase of guns and you have to register your firearms. Although you don’t need an owner’s license,  you need a license for the concealed carry of your handguns. However, it is prohibited to carry a loaded gun, open or concealed.

It is also illegal to shoot a gun within 150 yards of any dwelling or building unless you have the owner’s permission. Therefore, if your house has enough space surrounding it without disturbing nor risking damaging any nearby households, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Colorado?

In Colorado, you will not need a state permit to purchase a firearm and won’t have to register it. You won’t need an owner’s license either. However, you will need a permit for the concealed carry of your handguns.

Although no laws clearly restrict you from using your firearms in your backyard, you are not allowed to fire a gun within the city limits. So, if your residence is outside the city limits, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Connecticut?

In Connecticut, a state permit is required to purchase a firearm. You might need to register it as well. However, you won’t need an owner’s license. Finally, you will need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

No laws are vrestricting the usage of a firearm in your backyard in Connecticut. But, you might not be allowed to use your gun within the city limits. So, if you live outside of the city limits and have an open backyard, you can shoot your firearm there.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Delaware?

In Delaware, a state permit is not required to purchase a firearm and you won’t need to register it. You won’t need an owner’s license either. Finally, you will need a permit for the concealed carry of your firearms, but won’t require one for its open carry.

In Delaware, it is illegal to discharge your weapon within the city limits unless it’s for self-defense. No law that clearly stops you from shooting a gun in your backyard, but it is prohibited to fire a gun within 100 yards of any occupied building or barns. So, if your backyard has no occupied buildings surrounding it and is outside city limits, you can discharge your weapon.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in the District of Columbia?

In D.C., a state permit is required to purchase a firearm, and you will have to register it and acquire an owner’s license. You will also need a permit for the concealed carry of your firearms, but won’t need one for the concealed carry of firearms.

In the District of Columbia, it is illegal to discharge any firearm of any form, unless for self-defense. So, you can’t fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Florida?

In Florida, a state permit is not required to purchase a firearm and you won’t need to register it. You won’t need an owner’s license either. Finally, you will need a permit for the concealed carry of your weapon, but won’t need one for open carry.

According to Florida Statute 790.15 (sourceOpens in a new tab.), you can only discharge your weapon in your backyard if your home area is 1.25 acre or more. So, if your land is smaller than 1.25 acres, you can’t shoot a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Georgia?

In Georgia, a state permit is not required to purchase a firearm and you won’t need to register it. You won’t need an owner’s license either. However, you will need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

In Georgia, it is illegal to discharge your weapon within 50 yards of a public road. However, there is no law banning you from discharging your weapon in your backyard, as long as you are not damaging other’s properties.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Hawaii?

In Hawaii, a state permit is required to purchase a firearm and you will need to register it. Although you won’t need an owner’s license, you will need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

There are no laws against discharging your weapon on your property, but it’s illegal to shoot a gun around public roads or highways and risking damaging others’ properties. So, you can only discharge a weapon in your backyard as long as you are not breaking those laws.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Idaho?

In Idaho, you neither need a state permit to purchase a firearm nor to register it. You won’t need an owner’s license, nor a permit for the concealed or open carry of your firearms either.

According to Section 18-3302J, you can legally discharge a weapon on your property as long as you are not endangering anyone or anyone’s property.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Illinois?

In Illinois, a state permit and an owner’s license are required to purchase a firearm. However, you won’t need to register it. You will need a permit for its concealed carry but won’t need one for open carry.

There is no law against shooting in your backyard as long as you are not harming others’ properties in the state of Illinois.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Indiana?

In Indiana, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t have to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

There is no law stopping you from discharging a weapon in your backyard as long as you are not harming anyone or anyone’s property in the process.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Iowa?

In Iowa, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

According to Des Moines, Iowa – Code of Ordinance Sec. 70-86, it is illegal to shoot within the city limits. However, there are no laws stopping you from discharging a gun in your backyard if you are outside the city limits, as long as it is not hurting anyone nor their properties.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Kansas?

In Kansas, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

According to Kansas – Code of Ordinances (sourceOpens in a new tab.) Sec. 5.88.020, you are not allowed to disarm a gun within city limits. Other than that, there are no laws stopping you from shooting your gun in your backyard as long as you are not harming anyone nor any property.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Kentucky?

In Kentucky, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

The state forbids you to discharge firearms in urban areas. But, no law is binding you from discharging a gun on your property as long as it is not hurting anyone else.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Louisiana?

In Louisiana, you neither need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. Although you will need a permit for the concealed carry of your firearms, you won’t need one for open carry.

According to the Louisiana code of ordinance (sourceOpens in a new tab.), you are not allowed to fire a gun within the city limits. It is also prohibited to shoot a gun within one-half mile of any house, road, or public area. So, if your house has no other houses or roads within a one-half mile radius, you can shoot a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Maine?

In Maine, you neither need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm. You won’t need to register your gun, nor to acquire a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

According to Maine Legislature §11209, you are not allowed to fire a gun within 100 yards of other residents. So, if your backyard is over 100 yards away from other houses and won’t damage others’ properties, you can shoot a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Maryland?

In Maryland, although you don’t need an owner’s license, a state permit is required to purchase a handgun and you have to register it. You will also need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

In Maryland, any discharge of a firearm outside of a gun range or a designated hunting area is illegal. So, you can’t shoot a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Massachusetts?

In Massachusetts, a state permit and an owner’s license are required to purchase a firearm. However, you won’t need to register it. Finally, you will need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

Under Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 269 section 12E, it is illegal to discharge a gun within 500 yards of any occupied buildings. So, if your backyard is less than 500 yards away from one, you can discharge your gun there.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Michigan?

In Michigan, neither a state permit nor an owner’s license is required to purchase a firearm. You will, however, have to register it and acquire a permit for the concealed carry of your handgun, but not for its open carry.

There is no rule banning you from firing a gun in your backyard. As long as you are 500 feet away from other residents and won’t risk damaging anyone’s property, you are safe to fire a gun.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Minnesota?

In Minnesota, a state’s permit is required to purchase a handgun. However, you won’t have to register it nor to have an owner’s license. You will need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

No law forbids you from firing a gun in your backyard in Minnesota. As long as the safety of everyone around you is maintained and no one else’s property gets damaged, you can shoot in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Mississippi?

In Mississippi, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No rule stops you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are doing it safely and do not risk damaging anyone around you, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

 

An air gun or air rifle is a gun that fires pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are mechanically pressurized without engaging any chemical reactions. Air rifles are used for small game hunting, recreational shooting, competitive sports, and even for pest control. But, can you use air rifles in your backyard? Read our article to find out. 

 

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Missouri?

In Missouri, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

The state prohibits you from shooting a gun within 100 yards of any buildings. So, if your backyard is at least 100 yards away from another building and you are not risking damaging any properties, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Montana?

In Montana, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

According to Montana state law (sourceOpens in a new tab.), you can shoot on your property as long as you are not damaging any neighboring residents nor buildings. In other words, you can shoot in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Nebraska?

In Nebraska, a state permit is required to purchase a handgun. However, you won’t need to register your firearm nor to have an owner’s license. You will need a permit for concealed carry, but not for open carry.

No laws are stopping you from shooting a gun on your property. As long as it is done safely and without risking damaging others’ properties, you can safely discharge your weapon.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Nevada?

In Nevada, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed carry, but not for the open carry of firearms.

The state forbids you from discharging any firearms within 5,000 feet from any surrounding buildings. So; if your backyard has an open space of more than 5,000 feet without any buildings around, you can shoot a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in New Hampshire?

In New Hampshire, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No law forbids you from shooting a gun on your private property. So, as long as you are not damaging any surrounding buildings, you can shoot in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in New Jersey?

In New Jersey, a state permit is required to purchase a firearm and you have to register it. However, you won’t need an owner’s license. Finally, you will need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms.

No law is banning you from shooting a gun on your property. So, as long as you are keeping it safe and are not damaging surrounding properties, you can safely discharge your weapon.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in New Mexico?

In New Mexico, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed carry, but not for the open carry of firearms.

No laws are restraining you from shooting a gun in your backyard. As long as you are not causing any damages to your neighbors and have plenty of space in your backyard, you can fire a gun.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in New York?

In New York, you will need a state permit and an owner’s license to purchase a handgun. You will also have to register it. You will also need a permit for the concealed carry of your firearm. Meanwhile, the open carry of weapons is not allowed.

You are not allowed to discharge a gun in the city areas of New York state. However, outside the city limits, you can fire a weapon in your backyard as long as you are 500 feet away from any buildings.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in North Carolina?

In North Carolina, a state permit is required to purchase a handgun. However, you won’t have to register it nor to have an owner’s license. You will need a permit for the concealed carry, but not for the open carry of your firearm.

No law is banning you from firing a gun on your property as long as there is no building nor residents within 500 feet. So, if you have that kind of space in your backyard, you can shoot a gun there.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in North Dakota?

In North Dakota, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the open, but not for the concealed carry of handguns.

No law forbids you from shooting a gun on your property. As long as you are safely discharging your weapon without harming anyone else’s property, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Ohio?

In Ohio, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed carry, but not for the open carry of your firearm.

In Ohio, you can’t shoot a gun within 100 yards of any occupied building. So, if there are no buildings nor public spaces around you, you can fire your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Oklahoma?

In Oklahoma, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No laws in Oklahoma stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any other properties nor lives, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Oregon?

In Oregon, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed carry, but not for the open carry of your firearm.

No law restricts you from firing a gun on your property as long as you are not damaging anyone’s property nor life. So, yes, you can fire a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Pennsylvania?

In Pennsylvania, you neither need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm. You might, however, have to register your handgun. Finally, you will need a permit for the concealed, but not for the open carry of your handgun.

No laws in Pennsylvania stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any property or life, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Rhode Island?

In Rhode Island, a state permit is required to purchase a handgun. However, you don’t have to register your firearm nor to hold an owner’s license. You will require a permit for the concealed and open carry of firearms.

You are not allowed to discharge a firearm in public places, roads, and highways. But, as long as you are not damaging others’ properties, you can shoot a gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in South Carolina?

In South Carolina, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed carry of firearms. Finally, be aware that it is illegal to carry firearms openly.

No laws in South Carolina stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any property or life, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in South Dakota?

In South Dakota, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No laws in South Dakota stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any property nor life, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Tennessee?

In Tennessee, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No laws in Tennessee stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any property nor life, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Texas?

In Texas, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed and open carry of handguns.

No laws in Texas stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any other property or lives, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Utah?

In Utah, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

In Utah, you can’t fire a gun within 600 feet of an occupied building. So, if your backyard has that big of a space, you can fire a gun withing damaging any properties.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Vermont?

In Vermont, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No laws in Vermont stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any other property nor life, you can safely fire your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Virginia?

In Virginia, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for the concealed carry, but not for the open carry of firearms.

There are no laws in Virginia stopping you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any other property nor life, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Washington?

In Washington, you might need a state permit to purchase a firearm and might have to register it. However, you won’t need to hold an owner’s license. Finally, you will need a permit for carrying a concealed weapon, but won’t need one for open carry.

You are not allowed to shoot a gun within the city limits, but outside of them, you can shoot a gun as long as you are doing it safely and away from any surrounding residents or occupied buildings. So, you can shoot a gun in your backyard as long as you are not harming any property nor person.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in West Virginia?

In West Virginia, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

It is illegal, however, to shoot any firearms in public spaces, or near roads and highways. You can’t shoot within 500 yards of any occupied building either. So, if your backyard has an open space larger than 500 yards, you can safely discharge your weapon there.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Wisconsin?

In Wisconsin, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will, however, need a permit for carrying a concealed weapon, but won’t need one for open carry.

No laws in Wisconsin stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any other property or life, and are not shooting around a public place, you can safely fire your gun in your backyard.

Can You Shoot a Gun in Your Backyard in Wyoming?

In Wyoming, you don’t need a state permit nor an owner’s license to purchase a firearm, and you don’t need to register it. You will not need a permit for the concealed or open carry of firearms either.

No laws in Wyoming stop you from firing a gun in your backyard. So, as long as you are not damaging any other property or life, you can safely discharge your gun in your backyard.

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